Victoria Federica has not had one of her best birthdays. The influencer, who turned 22 last Friday, had to be hospitalized and operated on urgently the next day due to peritonitis.

Last Saturday, after enjoying a bullfightthe granddaughter of the king emeritus began to feel bad to the point that she was forced to call the toilets.

What is peritonitis? What are your causes?

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peritonitis is a severe inflammation of the peritoneum, a membrane that lines the interior of the abdominal cavity and that a good part of our vital organs. Normally, it is caused by an infection (usually bacterial) or chemical irritation.

Thus, for example, it most often results from the drilling from a hollow viscus (intestine, appendix…) or a wound that reaches the interior of the abdominal cavity (for example, the entry of a catheter in abdominal dialysis). Aseptic peritonitis can be a consequence of the discharge into the cavity of certain substances generated by the body itself (such as bile) or drugs used in certain treatments.

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peritonitis can be localized or generalized and acute or chronic.

What are your symptoms?

The main symptoms of peritonitis include abdominal pain or tenderness, abdominal swellingfever, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, low urine output, thirst, inability to defecate (abdominal paralysis), fatigue, disorientation and tachycardia.

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This box can appear suddenly (acute peritonitis) or gradually (chronicle), over several days or weeks.

Its main complication is infection throughout the body (sepsis), which in turn can cause shock, multiple organ failure, and death.

How is it treated?

Peritonitis, in any case, requires urgent hospitalization. From there, the approach to be used will vary depending on the cause and the clinical characteristics of the specific case.

For example, for infectious peritonitis, it is usually necessary to antibiotic administration whose type and amount will depend on the characteristics of the infection. Likewise, surgery may be necessary to remove the infected tissue and repair the underlying cause, if it is a perforated organ.

At the same time, it may be convenient to provide the patient with analgesics (to relieve intense pain), intravenous fluid replacement, oxygen and, in certain cases, blood transfusion.